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Teaching English as a Second Language in India: Focus on Objectives by Shivendra K. Verma (Central Institute of Foreign Languages Hydrabad)

Smt. S. B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar M.A. Semester 3 English Language Teaching 1 Unit 1: The role of English in India 
“The objective of teaching a language… is to enable the learner to believe in such a way that he can participate to some degree and for certain purposes as a member of a degree and for certain purposes as a member of a community other than his own. The degree to which any particular learner may wish to participate will vary. He may seek only to read technical literature, or the may wish to preach the gospel in a foreign country. These varying degrees of participation require different levels of skill in language performance.” (Pit Corder 1973:27) Functionally-determined sub-categorization of languages First Language (L1) Second Language (L2) Foreign Language Classical Language Objectives of Language Teaching Helping learners to learn language/languages to perform variety of functionsSociable use of language for p…

Teaching of English: A Plea for Practical Attitude by R. K. Singh (Indian Institute of Mines Dhanbad)

Smt. S. B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar M.A. Semester 3 English Language Teaching 1 Unit 1: The role of English in India  “To know another language well, to experience in personal immediacy the transparencies or opaqueness which link or divide it from one’s native speech – to do these things is, quite literally, to harvest a second self. It is to open a second window on the landscape of being.”  ~ George Steiner quoted as R. Gefen 1985:26 English in India is a potential national resource. It is important to develop tolerance and positive attitudes towards English. Practical approaches can be adopted in the areas of its teaching by making it more need based, flexible and innovative.English Language – lingua franca – link languageNational resurgence (reappearance), political awakening, cultural unification Socio-political historical reasons for growth of English in India Dominating language, language of power, utility of Interactiona…

Socio-cultural Dimensions of English as a Second Language by Rekha Aslam (University of Delhi)

Smt. S. B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar M.A. Semester 3 English Language Teaching 1 Unit 1: The role of English in India The creative exploitation of linguistic resources reflects the values of different socio-cultural traits.The Indian reality is manifested at many levels of language organization from borrowing, lone creatings to idiom, metaphor, symbolism etc. brought to the English languageEnglish is taught in India as a second language. The creative exploration of linguistic resources reflects the values of different socio-cultural traits. The Indian reality is manifested at many levels of language organization from borrowing, lone creating to idioms, metaphor, symbolism etc. brought to the English language. The paper describes how English is made to fulfill the function of a second language. The transition is shown with examples from Fire on the Mountain by Anita Desai, Nectar in a Sieve byKamala Markandaya and R.K. Narayan’s …

Teaching of EST in Indian Conditions by R. S. Sharma (Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi)

Smt. S. B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar M.A. Semester 3 English Language Teaching 1 Unit 1: The role of English in India


Teaching of EST in Indian Conditions by R. S. Sharma (Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi)

Teaching of English for Science and Technology in India has several drawbacks. To study the drawbacks please refer to the copy of research article shared with you in the class and study the presentation.

Teaching of est in indian conditions by r s sharma from Parth Bhatt



Courses and MethodsCourse design should be such which helps a learner of EST to offer contemporary / up-to-date knowledgeTeachers should offer a learning environment where learner can contribute, share, and grow.Material should be concise, accurate and genuine.Lack of availability of material in mother tongue and regional languagesIll-equipped TeachersLearner's need analysisSpoken English is at a low priorityLearner's First Language (L1) interferes in L…

Teaching English as 'Second Language' in Inda by Kapil Kapoor JNU, Delhi

Smt. S. B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar M.A. Semester 3 English Language Teaching 1 Unit 1: The role of English in India
Teaching English as 'Second Language in Inda by  Kapil Kapoor (JNU, Delhi)

Kapil Kapoor, a JNU ELT Scholar, marks the reflections of English Teaching in India as Second Language in this research paper. The presentation is an excerpt from his essay. The essay also reflects socio-political conditions, language movements, and acceptance of English as Second Language (L2) in India, The fundamentals of ELT i.e. L1, L2, L3 and more.. What are the problems of Teaching English in India? What are the possible solutions to those problems? Where do we leg behind in understanding of Teaching English? Kapil Kapoor sarcastically compares the modern language learning with the traditional language learning. Kapil narrates The three language formula and the importance of Methodology in this essay. A wonderful comparison of Wes…

Satan and Saraswati: The Double Face of English in India

Smt. S. B. Gardi Department of English, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar M.A. Semester 3 English Language Teaching 1 Unit 1: The role of English in India
Dear Learners,
Please read the presentation and the essay 'Satan and Saraswati: Double Face of English in India'  shared with you in the class and interpret the essay and blog it on your personal blogs. These blog tasks will help you to create your own reading material for your ELT 1 Paper and you'll also be able to understand the double face of English in India. The essay by E. Annamalai reflects the dual faces of English in India. It takes us back from the time of the independence and it accounts the good as well as the bad sides of English in India. There were language movements in India. Acceptance of English went through upheavals in India. It is an interesting essay. Read it. Interpret it and blog it.  Here's the presentation for you.


Ma sem 3 Elt1 Unit 1 Sarasvati and Satan from Parth Bhatt